The 110 film was originally released by the Kodak company in 1972. The film is fully housed in a plastic cartridge, which also registers the image when the film is advanced. There is a continuous backing paper, and the frame number is visible through a window at the rear of the cartridge. The film does not need to be rewound and is very simple to load and unload. The film is usually pre-exposed with frame lines and numbers, a feature intended to make it easier and more efficient for photofinishers to print.
One of the most common film types in the world of cameras, 35mm film has been around for a very long time. It was created to be used in smaller cameras, which was a very popular concept at the time. Around 1913 the first 35mm camera was patented and produced, although there is some debate as to whether or not one was produced earlier than that.
Originally designed in 1901 by the Kodak company, the 120 film is still a popular choice for many photographers. It was originally used in box cameras, which were popular amateur photographers and beginners, however with the advent of the 35mm film, 120 widely became the choice of professionals.
This style of film is the same width as the 120, but twice as long. This means twice as many pictures per roll, as well as some differences between the two film types; for example, the 220 does not have backing behind the film.
126 film was one of the most popular styles of film in the late 60's and 70's. Although some companies still make this style of film, Kodak stopped production in the late 90's.
S-VHS is an expansion of VHS in which more picture detail (resolution) is recorded through increased bandwidth. As a result, S-VHS outputs up to 400 lines of resolution, whereas standard VHS yields 240-250 lines of resolution.
Digital video was once the exclusive domain of broadcasters and video professionals. The Mini DV format changed all that, using advanced compression, videotape, and recording technologies to make digital performance available to everyone.
16 mm film refers to the width of the film. Other common film gauges include 8 and 35 mm. It is generally used for non-theatrical film-making (e.g. education), or for low-budget motion pictures.
Betamax in theory was a superior recording format over VHS due to resolution (250 lines vs. 240 lines), slightly superior sound, and a more stable image; Betamax recorders were also of higher-quality, but soon after their debut they became essentially obsolete and are rarely seen today.
MiniDiscs(MD) is a disc-based AUDIO format offering 60, 74, and later, 80 minutes of digitized audio. Sony brand audio players went on the market in September 1992.
To counter the introduction of the Super-VHS format, Sony introduced Video Hi8. Like S-VHS, Hi8 uses improved recorder electronics and media formulation.
VHS-C is a compact VHS format, introduced by JVC in 1982, and used primarily for consumer-grade camcorders. The format is the same as VHS, and can be played back in a standard VCR with an adapter.
The standard 8mm film was developed by the Kodak company during the Great Depression and released to the market in 1932 to create a more economical format for home movies.
VHS (short for Video Home System) is the style of video that was first used in camcorders in the 70's and 80's. It was easily one of the most popular styles up until the advent of the 8mm cassette and camcorders.
In January 1985, Sony of Japan introduced the Handycam, which was one of the first cameras that used this style of cassette and was wildly successful. The 8mm Video Cassette was popular partly because of the size, which was much smaller than the existing VHS tapes.
Very similar to the 8mm cassette, the Hi8 allowed for both analog video and audio. It would later be upgraded to digital audio in the Digital8 format.
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